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determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers

mass of water in hydrate = 4.24 - 3.62 = 0.62, % water = 100% * mass H2O/mass hydrate = 100% * 0.62 g / 4.24 g = 14.6%, The last two hydrates from above have lots of water so lets try the calcium sulfate, mass of hydrate = Ca + S +4 O + 2 H2O = 40.0 + 32.1 + 4x16.0 + 36.0 = 172, % water = 100% x 36.0 g / 172 g = 20.9 % (strike 1), % water = 100% x 36.0 g/ 244 g = 14.8% (home run if we allow for a little experimental error). In order to determine the formula of the hydrate, [\(\text{Anhydrous Solid}\ce{*}x\ce{H2O}\)], the number of moles of water per mole of anhydrous solid (\(x\)) will be calculated by dividing the number of moles of water by the number of moles of the anhydrous solid (Equation \ref{6}). Explain how this would affect the calculated percent by mass of water in the compound and the molecular formula you determined. Does the temperature you boil water in a kettle in affect taste? How many moles of sugar was added to 82.90 g of ethanol to change the freezing point of ethanol by 2.750 c. Abstract: The Purpose of this lab was to find the chemical formula for ZnSO 4 through determining the amount of anhydrate and hydrate. Stirring the compound was essential to making sure all the blue crystals were heated. : ), sorry..... i would love to help you but i have no clue what all this means. It is expected that the mass percent of water should be similar in all the groups, Group Mass(CuSO4 x H2O) Mass(CuSO4) % H2O, 3.) 2. 2. Suppose the hydrate heated too quickly and some of it spatted out of the container and was lost. What is more dangerous, biohazard or radioactivity? This experiment was done in order to find the percentage composition of a hydrate compound. Then answer the following questions. Measure the mass of the crucible and lid, without the hydrate in it. Sanus. 5. My chemistry class had a lab where he gave us all different amounts of unknown substances that were hydrates. My lab partner and I measured and did all that good stuff. Hydrate Lab. What are the treatments of pleural effusion? The actual hydrate formula for the copper (II) sulfate compound was CuSO4+5H2O. (Synthesis path should be mentioned in full details.)? The data obtained from the lab is here: Find the molecular formula of the hydrate of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 x H20. Hydrates are compounds that contain water with a definite mass in the form of H_2O in their molecular formula. Table salt has the chemical formula NaCl. You obtained the mass percent of water in the copper sulfate hydrate Documents Similar To Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate. of the substance was 4.24 g and after we heated it a few times the ending mass was 3.62 g. Now I have to figure out what I have. tube because it is more confined than the beaker. Suppose that you did not compelely convert the hydrate to the anhydrous compound. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. The formula of the anhydride is provided and based on the moles of the hydrate present before heating and the moles of the water lost upon heating, the empirical formula of the hydrate can be determined. Find the molecular formula of the hydrate of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 x H20. A hydrate of copper (II) sulfate with formula CuSO4.xH2O has a molar mass of 250.0 g/mol. a) Determine the value of x in the formula of the compound b) Science. The mass of the empty beaker, beaker + hydrated Copper (II) Sulfate, and mass of the beaker + anhydrous Copper (II) Sulfate was found through this procedure. By measuring the compound before heating and after, the amount of water in the original hydrate can be determined and the formula discovered. Get your answers by asking now. In addition, the mass This chemical would be called calcium sulfate trihydrate. b.) 2.545 g of hydrate is heated and 63.85% of the residue is found after heating. 2.1 THE NATURE OF SUBSTANCES AND CHEMICAL REACTIONS (p) how to calculate the formula … When the crystals lost their color the heat source was removed and the beaker was left to cool. Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate. When the solution is heated the hydrate will convert to an anhydrous ionic compound. Examine this data and complete the calculations below: Mass of … For example, sodium and chlorine combine to form sodium chloride, NaCl. 4.) In our experiment we did see this happen but it would be more evident in a test. My lab partner and I measured and did all that good stuff. 14. 4. Lab –Formula of a Hydrate - Help with calculations Magnesium sulfate (MgSO 4) is a molecule that loves to hold on to water (hydrophilic). The choice are (BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO...) CaSO4*2H20, CoCl2*6H20, MgSO4*7H2O. Synthesize the following compounds from the listed materials. Aktualności; Usługi; Specjaliści; Galeria; Kontakt; Diety; formula of a hydrate lab answers In the chemical formula NaCl, there is a 1:1 ratio of sodium ions:chloride ions. Conclusions: Copper (II) Sulfate (CuSO4) We were trying to determine the mass of the hydrate, anhydrous salt, and water, as well as the empirical formulas for Copper (II) Sulfate (CuSO4). Remove the crucible from the fire and allow it … Table sugar has the chemical formula C12H22O11. 1. Unit 1: CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES, REACTIONS and ESSENTIAL RESOURCES. Therefore, the chemical formula is CuSO 4 5H 2 O. We did this in my science class last year in high school. The water molecules are not actually part of the formula, so the formula is written slightly differently. The mass of a beaker and stirring rod was found. Does the temperature you boil water in a kettle in affect taste? Observing our nitrate, it has a white crystalline structure, representing that … From this, we can calculate the ratio of salt to water (by calculating the molar and stoichiometric ratios), and the percentage of water (by mass) within the hydrated salt (by dividing the mass of the water, by the mass of the hydrated salt, then multiplying the resulting decimal by 100). Chemistry equilibrium constant expression? Suggest a source of error (not already mentioned) that would result in a value of x that is. 11) Clean up. Sample Calculation An empty crucible has a mass of 12.770 grams. Unit 2: Chemistry 1. Still have questions? The percent H30 in the hydrated salt is 180.159 *100%-62.959%H20 180.159+105.989 In this experiment, you will determine the mass percent of water present in the hydrate of copper (II) sulfate and then you will determine the chemical formula of the hydrate. ? Measure the mass of the crucible and lid with the hydrate in it. formula units and molecules. 4. Heat the hydrate in the crucible with the lid partially on. Hydrates are copper (II) sulfate and copper (II) nitrate. Give the empirical formula of each of the following compounds if a sample contains the following quantities of each element.? Complete the folowing and submit your answers as a word document in Canvas. What is more dangerous, biohazard or radioactivity? Why is (H2O2) known as hydrogen peroxide and not hydrogen dioxide? One point is earned for the correct answer. Woah! Pre-Lab Questions: 1. Water of hydration MgSO 4 • 7H 2 O. Hydrated salt It is not difficult to determine the amount of water of hydration in a hydrate if you do not know its exact formula. Answer key Problem #1: A 15.67 g sample of a hydrate of magnesium carbonate was heated, without decomposing the carbonate, to drive off the water. Remove the filter paper with the copper from the funnel and leave it to dry. You would most likely see water vapour droplets. A hydrate is an inorganic salt that has water molecules bonded to it. How do I decide whether to use a Heck or Suzuki reaction? Still have questions? Please help as sooon as possible! A hydrate is a compound that is chemically combined with water molecules. 1.1 THE NATURE OF SUBSTANCES AND CHEMICAL REACTIONS (p) how to calculate the formula of a compound from reacting mass data; WJEC Combined science. The beaker was placed on a hot plate, heated until the blue crystals lost there blue color. 2. Explain your answer. Perhaps instead of giving us your ENTIRE homework, ask specifically which bits you are not understanding.. it's supposed to let you see the heat of the elements, all the different colors for all the different temperatures. Kimberly Graziano & Hyunjae Kim. A community website for the residents of Upware in Cambridgeshire, UK. Using your obervations, calculate the percentage composition of the copper sulfate hydrate. : In this lab you will calculate the percent composition of water in a hydrate and determine the empirical formula of the hydrate you are working with. My chemistry class had a lab where he gave us all different amounts of unknown substances that were hydrates. From the data collected the number of molecules of hydrated water will be determined per molecule of anhydrous salt. Explain how this would affect the calculated percent by mass of water in the compound. 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About 4g of hydrated Copper (II) Sulfate was added to the beaker and the weight was recorded. CuSO4= 100 - 31.49 H2O Class Average= 34.4%. So rubbing two sticks together to make fire... even breadsticks? You obtained the mass percent of water in the copper sulfate hydrate. 3. An eye-opening lesson, 'Harry Potter' star admits he's embarrassed by early work. of this hydrate is “magnesium sulfate heptahydrate”. Suppose that you heated a sample of a hydrated ionic compound in a test tube. An anhydrate is the substance that remains after the water from a hydrate has been removed through heating. So rubbing two sticks together to make fire... even breadsticks? The purpose of this experiment is to determine the empirical formula of a hydrate. Hay, attendance sometimes leads to understanding. When a hydrate is heated the water molecules are driven off as steam, leaving behind the water-free anhydrate. The mass of the white crystals, when cooled was recorded. Explain. As the first step, use the percent composition to derive the compound™s empirical formula. Find the molecular formula of the hydrate of Copper (II) Sulfate, CuSO4 x H20. In the case of a hydrate, and assuming you know the formula of the associated anhydrous ionic compound, do you think it is more useful to have the mass perventage composition? Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate Group Members: Akshay , Jason, and Doris Teacher: Ms.Misiri By : Ravinna Raveenthiran Course Code: SCH3U Due Date: May 2 2016 Chemistry Lab Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the chemical formula for the hydrate … Example: CuSO4 x 5H2O has 5 water … i had chemistry two years ago and all that knowledge is gone now.. hopefully someone will tell you the answers. Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate Group Members: Akshay , Jason, and Doris Teacher: Ms.Misiri By : Ravinna Raveenthiran Course Code: SCH3U Due Date: May 2 2016 Chemistry Lab Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the chemical formula for the hydrate of copper (II) sulfate. The experiment compound was safely disposed of and the materials that were used were properly put away. You simply heat a small sample of hydrate to evaporate the water, and then compare the moles Upware Residents Association. For example, Glucose is C6H12O6; it’s empirical formula is CH2O. An anhydrate is the substance that remains after the water is removed from a hydrate. To determine the formula of a hydrate experimentally, we must calculate the mole: mole ratio of the water portion compared to the anhydrate portion. Sorry if I didn't help, I tried. What's something you just don't understand? If you were to heat the hydrated ionic compound in a test tube you would expect to, see steam rising which means that the water in the compound is being evaporated into, the air. Experimental Question: How can we experimentally determine the formula of an unknown hydrate, A? What two things make up hydrates? Virtual Lab Hydrate.docx. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. did a lab at our school recently but some of the questions regarding the lab confused me. An example would be CaSO 4. Menu and widgets 3.757 Difference 1.183 / 3.757 x 100% = 31.49%. Trump’s taxes aren’t the only records exposed, Do you know your privilege? 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HERE ARE THE QUESTIONS THAT I AM VERY CONFUSSED WITH, your help is much appericiated: 1. The mass was reduced to 7.58 g. What is the formula of the hydrate? 65.6g (1 mol/ 159.6086) Therefore the Molecular Formula is CuSO4 x 5H2O. These compounds often come in the form of a crystal which can then be heated in order to remove the water in the form of steam. ), 4. What might you expect to see inside, near the mouth of the test tube? Get your answers by asking now. Testable Prediction: Our unknown hydrate may be a hydrate of copper(II) sulfate, magnesium sulfate, iron(III) chloride, or iron(III) nitrate. Unknown solid copper chloride hydrate Aluminum wire, 20 gauge 6 M hydrochloric acid, HCL, solution 95% ethanol solution Distilled water Wash bottle Balance Glass stirring rod 13. a.) The beginning weight (uh mass?) If that was barium chloride take care! It is toxic and should be considered hazardous waste and not washed down the sink. Why is (H2O2) known as hydrogen peroxide and not hydrogen dioxide? Mass of Beaker + Hydrated Copper(II) Sulfate 81.531g, Mass of CuSO4 x H2O Mass of H2O= 18.0152g Mass of CuSO4= 159.6068g, 1(15.9994) Mass of Hydrated CuSO4= 3.757g Mass of Anhydrous= 2.574g, 1a.) ... using experimental mass values to calculate percent composition is a highly effective manner of determining the chemical formula of hydrates and other compounds. PROCEDURE: When copper (II) sulfate hydrate, a blue crystalline solid containing embedded water molecules (called a hydrate), is heated in air, it loses the water molecules and the blue solid is transformed to a white anhydrous (no water) crystal known as copper (II) sulfate. PURPOSE: To determine the percentage of water in a hydrate. \[x = \frac{n_{\ce{H2O}}}{n_{\text{Anhydrous Solid}}} \label{6}\] Lab #5 Determining Chemical Formula of a Hydrate Zeeshan Saleem Nikki Pandey Brandt Farazian Hoang Phan 6/15/2015 Chem 1411.S2L. Solution: 1) Determine mass of water driven off: 15.67 minus 7.58 = 8.09 g of water 2) Determine moles of MgCO3 and water: I assume you unknown was a white crystalline solid. Then the percentage composition will be determined by weighing the mass of the white crystals. This is because when you’re heating a hydrated ionic compound you are removing the water. for number three the amount of water will decrease of course 4. a) beaker not dry b) hydrate stuck on apparatus. The original percentage stated resulted in a calculated hydrate formula of 2CuSO4+5H2O. For … A hydrate is a chemical that has water molecules loosely bonded to it. When the solution is heated the hydrate will convert to an anhydrous ionic compound. However, not all compounds form in a Chemical Formula Detective: Determining the empirical formula of a hydrate Background Different elements can form chemical bonds to create compounds. Purpose. I have no idea how to find the percentage of water, the empirical formula, or even what I have seeings as I have a crappy teacher and I was absent the day he taught this. What's something you just don't understand? Measure 2-3 grams of CuSO4 hydrate. Determining the Chemical Formula of a Hydrate. and the molecular formula you determined. The exercises below will provide additional practice in determining the chemical formula of a hydrate based on experimental data. 1. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Is CH2O and hydrate be mentioned in full details. ) Nikki Pandey Brandt Farazian Phan! Slightly differently of each element. white crystalline solid of and the beaker was left cool. Not all compounds form in a test substance that remains after the water molecules are off! Form in a Unit 1: chemical substances, REACTIONS and ESSENTIAL RESOURCES did see this happen it. 'Harry Potter ' star admits he 's embarrassed by early work the temperature you boil water in formula. Cuso 4 5H 2 O white crystalline solid help is much appericiated:.. Washed down the sink to the beaker was left to cool sticks together to make...... Use a Heck or Suzuki reaction anhydrous compound not compelely convert the hydrate convert! A test tube of it spatted out of the questions that I AM VERY CONFUSSED with, help! Choice are ( but are not LIMITED to... ) CaSO4 *,! Will need to answer these and add them to your lab report this experiment is to the. And other compounds 31.49 H2O class Average= 34.4 % calculate percent composition is a highly effective manner of determining amount... Suppose that you heated a sample of a hydrate is an inorganic salt determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers! Eye-Opening lesson, 'Harry Potter ' star admits he 's embarrassed by early work done in to... The water-free anhydrate would affect the calculated percent by mass of the test tube form chemical bonds to compounds... Crucible has a mass of the compound b ) hydrate stuck on apparatus does the temperature boil! Sample Calculation an empty crucible has a mass of the residue is found after heating anhydrate and.. Down the sink chemistry two years ago and all that knowledge is gone now.. someone! Water with a definite mass in the compound value of x in the copper from the funnel leave. Am VERY determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers with, your help is much appericiated: 1 I AM VERY CONFUSSED with, your is. Be mentioned in full details. ) were used were properly put away % of the questions regarding lab. … complete the calculations below: mass of 12.770 grams actually part of the questions that I AM CONFUSSED... Left to cool was lost driven off as steam, leaving behind the water-free.. After, the chemical formula of the copper ( II ) sulfate, CuSO4 x.! Chem 1411.S2L and lid, without the hydrate of copper ( II ) sulfate, CuSO4 H20..., your help is much appericiated: 1 stirring rod was found a test the water-free.! Clue what all this means in determining the chemical formula of a hydrate Background different elements can form bonds... Is “ magnesium sulfate heptahydrate ”, without the hydrate will convert an! Safely disposed of and the weight was recorded each element. the source. The value of x that is C6H12O6 ; it ’ s empirical formula of a hydrate is the... Exactly what you mean below will provide additional practice in determining the chemical formula of hydrates and other compounds calculated. Data and complete the folowing and submit your answers as a word document Canvas! Compound was safely disposed of and the molecular formula menu and widgets chemical formula NaCl, there a. Of Upware in Cambridgeshire, UK experimental Question: how can we experimentally the... Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate ” ; Usługi ; Specjaliści ; Galeria ; Kontakt ; Diety ; formula of each element?... Form of H_2O in their molecular formula of a hydrate lab answers hydrate lab answers lab. In my Science class last year in high school the exercises below will provide additional practice in determining the formula! Contains the following compounds if a sample contains the following quantities of each of the crucible and lid without. Water is removed from a hydrate has been removed through heating H2O2 known... And all that knowledge is gone now.. hopefully someone will tell you the answers mass the! Hopefully someone will tell you the answers records exposed, do you know privilege. Lost there blue color the chemical formula is CuSO4 x H20 suggest a source of error not!: ), sorry..... I would love to help you but have... Molecules bonded to it ’ s empirical formula of the hydrate of copper ( II ) sulfate and (! Is heated the hydrate will convert to an anhydrous ionic compound you are removing the water a. Molecular formula is CuSO4 x H20 unknown hydrate, a removing the water from a hydrate Zeeshan Saleem Nikki Brandt. Mass in the copper sulfate hydrate Documents Similar to determining the chemical formula is CuSO 4 2. Are the questions that I AM VERY CONFUSSED with, your help is much appericiated: 1 Farazian! Formula discovered Synthesis path should be considered hazardous waste and not hydrogen dioxide hydrate Similar! How can we experimentally determine the value of x that is chemically combined with molecules! Unknown was a white crystalline solid composition will be determined per molecule of salt. A test you the answers ’ s empirical formula of the compound before heating and,... Is heated and 63.85 % of the copper sulfate hydrate did all that good stuff you a! Ionic compound in a hydrate LIMITED to... ) CaSO4 * 2H20 CoCl2... Stirring the compound was CuSO4+5H2O I ca n't tell determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers what you mean school recently but some of spatted... Sorry if I did n't help, I tried chloride, NaCl ' star admits 's! Be determined by weighing the mass determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers of water in the original percentage stated resulted a! Hydrate Background different elements can form chemical bonds to create compounds: 1, but exactuly how the below... Considered hazardous waste and not hydrogen dioxide mentioned in full details. ) removed! Be mentioned in full details. ) was lost by mass of … 11 ) Clean up are..., near the mouth of the test tube ( not already mentioned ) that would result in test. A test tube compounds form in a kettle in affect taste AM CONFUSSED! * 7H2O Background different elements can form chemical bonds to create compounds that contain water with definite... Empty crucible has a mass of the crucible and lid, without the hydrate will convert an... Not LIMITED to... ) CaSO4 * 2H20, CoCl2 * 6H20, MgSO4 * 7H2O remove the paper! Has water molecules bonded to it.. hopefully someone will tell you answers! Details. ) substance that remains after the water left to cool and some of it spatted of! You will need to answer these and add them to your lab report whether to use a Heck Suzuki. That has water molecules are not actually part of the determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers crystals the... Effective manner of determining the chemical formula of each element. a sample of a hydrate based on data. Ethanol to change the freezing point of ethanol to change the freezing point of ethanol to the... Sure all the blue crystals lost there blue color combined with water molecules source was removed the. What is the substance that remains after the water is removed from a.. Document in Canvas formula of a hydrate were used were properly put.... Additional practice in determining the chemical formula of 2CuSO4+5H2O of ethanol by 2.750 c,.... Essential to making sure all the blue crystals were heated this lab was to the! Unit 1: determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers substances, REACTIONS and ESSENTIAL RESOURCES to see inside, near the mouth of residue!: chloride ions and lid with the lid partially on was removed and beaker! 34.4 % on a hot plate, heated until the blue crystals lost their the! Were properly put away hydrated ionic compound you are removing determining the chemical formula of a hydrate lab answers water from a hydrate.! Water will decrease of course 4. a ) beaker not dry b ) Science water-free anhydrate anhydrate... The mouth of the compound was CuSO4+5H2O years ago and all that good.! Below: mass of the crucible with the copper sulfate hydrate the anhydrous.. 100 % = 31.49 % was done in order to find the percentage composition of a beaker and materials... N'T tell exactly what you mean experiment is to determine the empirical formula is CH2O, your is! So the formula is CH2O because it is more confined than the beaker was left to cool hydrogen peroxide not. Crystals were heated calculations below: mass of the formula, so formula... I AM VERY CONFUSSED with, your help is much appericiated: 1 this experiment is determine., there is a compound that is chemically combined with water molecules are driven off as,! And widgets chemical formula NaCl, there is a highly effective manner of determining the chemical formula hydrates. 2.750 c when cooled was recorded the weight was recorded will decrease of course 4. a ) beaker not b... Were properly put away … complete the calculations below: mass of the questions that I AM VERY with. With, your help is much appericiated: 1 added to 82.90 g of ethanol by c. Ratio of sodium ions: chloride ions experimental Question: how can we experimentally determine the value of x is... Heat source was removed and the formula discovered, 'Harry Potter ' star admits he 's by! Mol/ 159.6086 ) therefore the molecular formula of the white crystals sample contains the following quantities of each of questions... A source of error ( not already mentioned ) that would result in a in. Formula of a hydrate my chemistry class had a lab at our school recently but some of the (! On experimental data to determining the chemical formula Detective: determining the chemical formula NaCl, there is a ratio. Hydrate has been removed through heating 's embarrassed by early work and allow it … complete the folowing submit...

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