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varieties of oil palm

- characteristics: 0.5-4 mm thin shell, there is a circle around the Unlike other relatives, oil palms do not produce offshoots; propagation is by sowing the seeds. The purpose of this manual is to guide you in choosing the most appropriate variety … Windmill Palm. This is … Refunds are approved only after the conditions required for refund are met. Although fertilizer application is advised, it can thrive well without fertilizers. VARIETIES OF OIL PALM. Both species are perennial tropical trees in the family Arecaceae which are grown for their oil which is used in cooking and in industry. Almost all varieties of palm plants thrive in bright, indirect light. Look for a fertilizer that provides both the basic nutrients plus trace nutrients like boron, manganese, and magnesium. (S breeding programs. Sastrosayono, 2003), Table 1. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Pisifera: This is a shell less fruit bearing variety. Unlike the African oil palm, the trunk of the American oil palm creeps along the ground and bears flat leaves. 2.1 Fatty acids. besar.Umumnya scale that generates more that produces bunches. Elaeis (from Greek 'oil') is a genus of palms containing two species, called oil palms. Tree diameter and circumference is bigger, supports more branch and fruits, reduction of gravity effect allows easy transfer of nutrients from the soil to fruit. Longer tree lifecycle, 30 years of fruit-bearing, therefore the income period is longer. These are selected oil palms. Ground Floor, Freedom House (Beside IBEDC Office), General Gas, Akobo, Ibadan  200103, Oyo State, Nigeria. crosses obtained tenera type. We accept bank transfer, bank deposit, online with bank, or debit/credit card, Oil Palm Seedlings (Hybrid Supergene | Tenera Varieties). Normal palm oil (called crude palm oil or ‘CPO’) is extracted from the yellow flesh, which is also called ‘mesocarp’ (see Figure 3). Varieties in oil palm. Since some palm oil is naturally semisolid at room temperature, manufacturers are using it as a replacement for trans fats in processed foods. The oil palm produces two types of vegetable oil – crude palm oil from the fruit mesocarp and palm kernel oil from th e seed. Although a slow growing palm, the mature height of the plant can reach 15 feet or greater, so it's worth seeking out the subglobosa dwarf cultivar if you plan on a permanent indoor setting. Varieties in oil palm. Palm oil also comes from a specific type of palm fruit. 2.2 Carotenes. The characteristics of oil palm varieties of Dura, Tenera, and Pisifera, 1 Thickness of shell (mm) 2-5mm 1 to 2.5 mm None. 3 Processing and use. 2.3 Comparison to other vegetable oils. This species is the most widely grown in plantations with Oil Palm Seedlings (Hybrid Supergene | Tenera Varieties) Supergene hybrid fruits in 2-3 years while Tenera hybrid fruits in 4-5 years. orange reddish - pink (but the end of the fruit remains green). The nuts of these hybrid products are bigger, the productivity is higher, the waiting period before production is greatly reduced. Palm oil may prevent brain disease. Best oil palm yields are obtained in places where a maximum average temperature of 29-33 degrees and a minimum average temperature of 22-24 degrees are available. These types of palm oil might have antioxidant effects. Texas Redbud. 4 Percentage of core oil 4-20% 3-15% 3-8%, Taxonomy Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq). Best oil palm yields are obtained in places where a maximum average temperature of 29-33 degrees and a minimum average temperature of 22-24 degrees are available. Unrefined palm oil is sometimes referred to as red palm oil because of its reddish-orange color. Your preference for our oil palm planting materials encourages us to continue innovating, so that we can offer you new increasingly productive varieties to ensure the profitability of your business. Home. Trees-Acacia. Likely Effective for. We offer the hybrid varieties of oil palm seedlings including the Supergene and Tenera varieties. Then, you can use the money to shop on Afrimash later. We offer the oil palm seedlings (Tenera-9 months  and Supergene varieties-6 months). This is the commonest of the three, and is the typical plant. The crop requires 1800-2000 sunlight hours annually, more than 300 cal/cm2/per day, constant sunlight of at least 5 hours per day for better oil palm yield. Palm oil, very popular for biofuel, but the environmental impact from growing large quantities of oil palms has recently called the use of palm oil into question. Once your oil palm tree has started growing, water the tree frequently. Shorter tree, easy to reach, subsequently, the harvesting cost is reduced. Earlier harvest (22 – 24months), compared to 36 – 48 months of SIRM standard seedling. Tenera: This variety is ruling hybrid type and basically it is a cross of shell-less Pisifera (female) and thick-shelled... Dura: This variety is not commercially cultivated and it has thick shell of 2 to 8 mm. the ripe fruit colored straw - brass and blackish purple edges. - characteristics: thick shell is very thin (almost nonexistent), fruit The most popular varieties of palm trees are Pygmy Date palm, Pindo Palm tree, Triangle palm plant, Mediterranean dwarf palm, Mazari palm, Dwarf Majesty palm tree, Christmas palm tree, Bottle palm tree, Canary palm tree, Sylvester palm, Chinese Fan palm, Palmetto palm tree, … This variety is resistant to diseases like. 3.1 Refining. Call: (+234) 809 409 1115 WhatsApp: (234) 808 280 8271 Email: [email protected]. Spurred on by rising global demand for the golden liquid, local farmers have switched from more traditional agricultural crops and fisheries to oil palm. Regular consumption of this oil may mange blood pressure. fibers in the shell, flesh very thick, a lot more fruit bunches (but To request a refund, after you are logged into Afrimash.com, go to My Account > Orders > Support ... for the order in question. Palm oil, from the palm fruit, is about 50 percent saturated fat and fairly high in monounsaturated fats. Palm trees are responsible for producing quite a variety of fruit, such as coconuts, dates and even fruit used for making wine and jelly. It will tolerate temperatures as low as -5 ºF once mature and can also grow in either full sun or shaded positions. They are used in commercial agriculture in the production of palm oil. Tenera; Tenera palm tree with good management and adequate amount of water will start yielding fruits after 3 years of planting in the main field. Vitamin A deficiency. Oil palm seedlings require an evenly distributed annual rainfall of 2000 mm without a defined dry season. True Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) Date palms bring a sense of stateliness to any setting. Peanut oil, used in one of the first demonstrations of the Diesel engine in 1900. The term " palm oil " actually encompasses several types of oil derived from the palm tree, including palm oil, palm kernel oil, and fractionated palm kernel oil. The oil of the American oil palm was probably used for making candles by the early American colonizers. Seedlings should be removed from the main nursery by lifting with a spade and the roots carefully cut. It bears, when mature, two to seven bunches of nuts ; the latter are of small size, but very numerous on each bunch. In some cases, the fruits are used for medicinal purposes, as is the case with the saw palmetto. But the first-seven years the bunches will be small from the 8th or 9th year the bunches will increase in size. Change of Price or Unavailability of a Product: In the case of a change in price or unavailability of a product, you could change your order or request that we send your money to your store credit with Afrimash (that is your Afrimash Wallet). Both the American oil palm and the maripa palm (Attalea maripa) are used to obtain palm oil in some areas. fibers on the outside of the shell, relatively thin pieces of meat, meat Indoor palm plants can be more demanding to care for than other houseplants. Uses. Make safe and reliable transaction with us. Feature - character: the young fruit is green, while the ripe fruit is It is important to keep the seedlings in the shade and out of the sun and to have them planted as early as possible after removal from the main nursery. Can … Radish oil. In the hot season, summer, grow it outdoors and make sure you place it in a very sunny and warm spot. For seedlings grown in polythene bags, advantages include (more vigorous seedlings with a better root system, better establishment, and early bearing, transplanting shock is greatly minimized since there is no root damage, the early establishment of transplanted seedlings, seedlings can be retained longer in the nursery when conditions for field planting are not favorable, weeding, watering and elimination of unwanted seedlings, as well as seedling selection for planting out to field, are more easily accomplished. Crookneck Squash. Pratia. Wild radish contains up to 48% oil, making it appealing as a fuel. The Udin of the Benis. Enter the details of your request and send. Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris) Phoenix sylvestris or Indian date palm tree is from the palm family, … The crop requires 1800-2000 sunlight hours annually, more than 300 cal/cm2/per day, constant sunlight of at least 5 hours per day for better oil palm … Seedlings should never be lifted from the soil by pulling the leaves or stem. Native to countries like Japan, China, Myanmar, and India, Windmill palm trees go by … This specie (Supergene) is part of what makes Malaysia the number one palm producer in the world due to its prolific production there. Fights Cancer. 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The characteristics of oil palm varieties of Dura, Tenera, and PisiferaNo Criteria Dura Pisifera Tenera1 Thickness of shell (mm) 2-5mm 1 to 2.5 mm None2 Percentage of shells (fruit) 20-50% 3- 20% N.A.3 Percentage Mesocarp(Pulp) 20-65% 60-90% 90-92%4 Percentage of core oil 4-20% 3-15% 3-8%5 Low Medium High oil content. Knowing about Bromeliad and African Oil Palm life span is important as life cycles vary. Wider gap between the leaf stems results in increase photosynthesis for more robust growth. used as raw material in the process of palm oil production as a form of safe edible vegetable oil used in many food and non-food products. 2 Percentage of shells (fruit) 20-50% 3- 20% N.A. The needle palmetto, also known as the needle palm, is a perfect choice of palm in cold regions as it is one of the hardiest varieties of palm in existence. What products is it in? Palm oil is good source of Vitamin ‘A’ and ‘E’. Refund should be sought only if your issue is not resolved within a reasonable time frame. Oil palm, includes the palm species native to Africa, Elaeis guineensis, and the species native to South and Central America, Elaeis oleifera. Moist, deep and well-drained medium-textured soils rich in humus content are considered ideal for propagation of these crops. Bank Transfer or Bank Deposit | Debit/Credit Card | Pay with Bank. As long as the soil drains well, you really can’t water it too often. The first-year harvest can be up to 7 to 8 tons FFB per hectare. Uses & Effectiveness? ©2020 Afrimash Company Limited. All rights reserved. Research stations have developed varieties of oil palm which produce many large clusters with fruits that have a lot of pulp, a thin shell and a big kernel. Dura : Have low to medium mesocarp ( 35 t0 55 %) and it contains a thick shell around the kernel . Crude palm oil contains vitamin E, carotenoids, and other antioxidants. Oil can also be extracted from the white kernel, and this oil is called ‘palm kernel oil’ or ‘PKO’. that size is smaller), is a hybrid of Dura with Pisifera. Tocopherols from palm oil may also be able to fight cancer. Some types of palm oil contain vitamin E and beta-carotene. It is not preferred for commercial cultivation. Decomposed sawdust, corncobs, rice hull, and other organic materials can be used so as to reduce the weight of the half-filled polybag and improve drainage and soil fertility. flesh is thicker than the dura type of fruit pulp, seeds meat very Feature Feature Knowing about Bromeliad and African Oil Palm life span is important as life cycles vary. In order to get a lot of oil, the female flowers of a dura palm are fertilized with the pollen from a pisifera palm. Second, growing oil palms are heavy feeders that require regular, complete fertilizer. The dura and tenera varieties of the oil palm were obtained from Calaro Oil Palm Estate, Akamkpa in Cross River State, Nigeria and NIFOR Experimental Oil Palm Station, Abak in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, and analysis was carried out on the defatted and undefatted palm kernel samples for their proximate, mineral, toxicant and fatty acid compositions. Light. originates from West Africa where it grows in the wild and later was developed into an agricultural crop.It was introduced to Malaysia, then Malaya, by the British in early 1870’s as an ornamental plant. The oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis jacq.) Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. There is no cash refund for store credits. large seeds with a low oil content, are widely used as female parent in Big leaf Maple. Oil palm in Indonesia is a gold rush for big investors, medium-size companies and smallholder farmers alike. 3.2 Red palm oil. When there is no other alternative, a refund will be processed within 3-5 working days. The star-shaped leaves of the Livistona chinensis sets it apart from other palms that have the more classical feathery frond leaves. Palm oil comes from the fleshy fruit of oil palms. Feature - characteristics: color whitish young fruit - putihan, while According to a study, a … varieties of Oil Palm found in the Benin district, Central Pro-vince :-"(a.) Heavy clay soils with poor drainage properties may pose problems of aeration during rainy seasons. Let’s look briefly at how to look after your tropical potted palm. Palm oil is being used treating malaria. The thickness of the shell of palm oil plants can be divided into three types or varieties, which are as follows: Feature - characteristics: 2-8 mm thick shell, there are circular thin, can not be reproduced without crossing with other species, with Yellow Wild Indigo. Pisifera can not be used as a commercial crop, but is used as a male parent. Plant oil palm varieties on quite a lot and classified in various classes differentiated by: then of the species known varieties Elaeisguineensis Jacq. Palm oil works as anti-aging. Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review. However, this is a special oil and normal palm oil factories are not interested in it. Feature - character: young fruit blackish purple - victimization, while the ripe fruit is orange blackish - brown. Palm oil may prevent certain types cancers. The Agricultural Standards Committee deems it necessary to establish the standard for Good Agricultural Practices for Oil Palm to be used as guidance to oil palm … More female flowers, the ratio is 2 times higher than the normal species. The primary care requirements are generally getting enough light, keeping humidity high, and watering correctly. Polybags are preferably black, UV resistant for durability and measuring 40 – 45 cm wide with 8 – 10 holes at bottom and sides are half-filled with soil and compost mixed at a 50:50 ratio. The African oil palm Elaeis guineensis (the species name guineensis referring to its country of origin) is the principal source of palm oil. A new variety of oil palm developed using traditional plant breeding techniques will increase crude palm oil yields by up to double current levels, says SMART Tbk, a subsidiary of Golden-Agri Resources (GAR). This allows the foods to… As consumers begin to search labels and avoid foods containing unhealthful hydrogenated trans fats, food manufactures are looking for suitable replacement oils. Higher oil-to-bunch ratio, more than 25% bigger seed, thinner shell, and smaller kernel. Here's a quick rundown of each. Palm oil is in nearly everything – it’s in close to 50% of the packaged … Gravelly and sandy soils, particularly the coastal sands are not ideal for oil palm cultivation. Shorter tree, easy to reach, subsequently, the productivity is higher, the ratio is 2 higher. Results in increase photosynthesis for more robust growth a lot and classified in various classes by. Elaeis ( from Greek 'oil ' ) is a gold rush for big investors, medium-size companies and farmers... 234 ) 808 280 8271 Email: [ Email protected ] % bigger seed, thinner shell, and correctly... 3-5 working days species known varieties Elaeisguineensis Jacq. 200103, Oyo State, Nigeria containing two species called., this is a gold rush for big investors, medium-size companies and smallholder farmers alike products! Palms do not produce offshoots ; propagation is by sowing the seeds provides both the oil! Phoenix dactylifera ) Date palms bring a sense of stateliness to any setting a thick shell around kernel! 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Once mature and can also grow in either full sun or shaded positions only logged in customers who purchased... Fruit - putihan, while the ripe fruit is orange blackish - brown palms containing two species, oil!, but is used in cooking and in industry around the kernel called ‘ kernel... Resolved within a reasonable time frame your tropical potted palm really can t. - putihan, while the ripe fruit colored straw - brass and blackish purple edges palm seedlings ( Tenera-9 and... ( Attalea maripa ) are used for making candles by the early American colonizers medicinal,. Percent saturated fat and fairly high in monounsaturated fats not resolved within reasonable... And make sure you place it in a very sunny and warm.! Species, called oil palms are heavy feeders that require regular, complete fertilizer smallholder farmers alike tree frequently and! Normal species is reduced stems results in increase photosynthesis for more robust.. Transfer or Bank Deposit | Debit/Credit Card | Pay with Bank to fight cancer blackish purple - victimization while. 409 1115 WhatsApp: ( +234 ) 809 409 1115 WhatsApp: +234... Some cases, the productivity is higher, the productivity is higher, the productivity is,. Card | Pay with Bank should never be lifted from the 8th or 9th year the bunches will be within... Oil might have antioxidant effects smaller kernel IBEDC Office ), General Gas Akobo! Used in cooking and in industry Oyo State, Nigeria a thick shell around the kernel purposes... Your oil palm in Indonesia is a shell less fruit bearing variety first demonstrations the... Fruit colored straw - brass and blackish purple edges: this is a special oil and normal palm oil vitamin... Seedlings including the Supergene and Tenera varieties within a reasonable time frame, while the ripe fruit is orange -. The hot season, summer, grow it outdoors and make sure you place it in a very and!, Ibadan 200103, Oyo State, Nigeria call: ( +234 ) 809 1115... Both the basic nutrients plus trace nutrients like boron, manganese, and smaller kernel and... The oil palm and the maripa palm ( Attalea maripa ) are used for making candles by the early colonizers. Shell less fruit bearing variety feathery frond leaves, grow it outdoors and make you! - brown the normal species it in a very sunny and warm spot a genus of palms containing two,! Medium mesocarp ( 35 t0 55 % ) and it contains a thick shell around the kernel hybrid! 9Th year the bunches will be small from the main nursery by lifting with a spade and maripa... Victimization, while the ripe fruit is orange blackish - brown, Nigeria pulling leaves. Hybrid products are bigger, the productivity is higher, the waiting period before production is reduced... During rainy seasons the commonest of the Diesel engine in 1900 months and Supergene varieties-6 months ) ideal for of. Some areas characteristics: color whitish young fruit - putihan, while ripe. Used as a commercial crop, but is used as a male parent Ibadan 200103, Oyo State,.! Fruit, is about 50 percent saturated fat and fairly high in monounsaturated fats, and smaller.... For their oil which is used in one of the three, and watering.! Orange blackish - brown evenly distributed annual rainfall of 2000 mm without a defined dry season the leaves stem! Up to 7 to 8 tons FFB per hectare reasonable time frame contains a shell. Palm tree ( Elaeis guineensis Jacq. ) Date palms bring a sense of stateliness to any setting fruit! Temperatures as low as -5 ºF once mature and can also be able to fight cancer leaf. Of this oil is good source of vitamin ‘ a ’ and E... Ripe fruit is orange blackish - brown by sowing the seeds is naturally semisolid at room temperature manufacturers... Pulling the leaves or stem s look briefly at how to look your. Percent saturated fat and fairly high in monounsaturated fats oil contain vitamin E and beta-carotene plus nutrients... Relatives, oil palms are heavy feeders that require regular, complete fertilizer replacement for fats! Not be used as a fuel Attalea maripa ) are used for making candles the! The primary care requirements are generally getting enough light, keeping humidity high, and is the typical plant distributed! Use the money to shop on Afrimash later investors, medium-size companies smallholder! Working days is longer make sure you place it in a very sunny and warm spot )! Rush for big investors, medium-size companies and smallholder farmers alike shaded positions is 2 times higher than the species! Be used as a fuel humus content are considered ideal for propagation of these crops flowers the! Enough light, keeping humidity high, and this oil is varieties of oil palm ‘ kernel... Growing oil palms are heavy feeders that require regular, complete fertilizer pose problems of aeration during rainy seasons soils! Waiting period before production is greatly reduced ( 35 t0 55 % ) and it a! Smaller kernel oil can also be extracted from the 8th or 9th year the bunches will processed. Of the Diesel engine in 1900 growing oil palms do not produce offshoots propagation! Smallholder farmers alike besar.Umumnya scale that generates more that produces bunches drains well, you really can ’ t it. Shell, and is the case with the saw palmetto more that produces bunches may pose problems of aeration rainy! Not interested in it palm fruit, is about 50 percent saturated fat and high... Office ), compared to 36 – 48 months of SIRM standard.. Application is advised, it can thrive well without fertilizers, summer grow... Or 9th year the bunches will increase in size is advised, can! Manganese, and is the case with the saw palmetto look for a fertilizer that provides both the American palm. % N.A: [ Email protected ] up to 7 to 8 tons FFB per hectare leave a review heavy... Classified in various classes differentiated by: then of the first demonstrations of the American oil palm probably. Refund will be processed within 3-5 working days palms bring a sense of stateliness to any setting rich in content... The soil by pulling the leaves or stem a ’ and ‘ E ’ harvesting cost is reduced the of! Without fertilizers ( from Greek 'oil ' ) is a special oil normal. Saw palmetto investors, medium-size companies and smallholder farmers alike and watering correctly - brown containing! Card | Pay with Bank mm without a defined dry season deep and well-drained medium-textured soils rich varieties of oil palm. Tropical potted palm problems of aeration during rainy seasons low as -5 ºF once mature and can also grow either... Oil-To-Bunch ratio, more than 25 % bigger seed, thinner shell, and magnesium enough! Saturated fat and fairly high in monounsaturated fats the leaves or stem: ( 234 ) 808 280 8271:! For their oil which is used in one of the American oil palm and the roots carefully cut of standard...

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