Thus government develops at the consent of the governed and can be dissolved if the citizens believe that their government fails to act in their best interests. Collectives, despite existing competition but depending on particular circumstances, can still cooperate to achieve the common goal. Due to the history of the nation, the fate of individuals must be attached to the destiny of the community and society. These cultures were developed together for some time, but after some time they are really different. According to Drew Dellinger, the word cosmology has two definitions. The relationship between the individual and society is objective in life in the essence of the dialectical relationship between the general and the particular; It has both consistency and contradiction. John Locke (1980). Eventually, the empire was split into Eastern and Western portions in the hopes to ease political and economic struggles. This is the mainstream trend in social life, accepted by every individual as an apparent truth. On the other hand, agricultural production faced many difficulties, natural disasters require many human resources' cooperation, first and foremost is the synergy of family members. Individuals who appear in social life are not independent individuals but parts of social relationships (family, school, company). East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. The country is just one person, one family. In the history of human thought, at various stages, the way to look into these issues depends on numerous factors. Through her mother’s examples, I can personally relate to Jing-Mei because both my father and mother are from cultures not entirely similar to Western culture. The Collected Works of Ho Chi Minh, chapter 4, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi. Secondly, in Eastern culture, it is not intended to characterize individuals as strongly as in the Western but to focus on maintaining the harmony among individuals and always put the individual in social relationships. Professor Stayton This is one of the major differences between eastern and western cultures. Copyright © 2012-2018 Science and Education Publishing Co. Ltd All rights reserved. However, there are differences between the terms Society and Culture. It is not exactly same as culture, which can be understood as the way of living of people living in a particular place or region.Every society has its culture, but they are not the same thing. There, the aristocratic middle class is the ruling class, claiming to be the embodiment of divinity holding the society's chief materials for production. The reality, however, is that with fundamentally different characteristics, from a philosophical point of view, the relationship between the individual and society in both the West and the East is approached in its own ways. The, Similarities Between Western And Eastern Cultures, The term “behavior” refers one’s acts dominated by ideology in response to certain situations. I gathered information not only from the class module, but books, Ayaan Hirsi Ali speaks of honor killings and forced marriages in Middle Eastern society in the The AHA Foundation 2nd Annual Conference. One of the main contrasts within this diversity of cultures is the differences between the East and the West. Five differences between Western and Eastern society, culture, and individuals: One of the key contrasts among western and eastern culture is … In other words, in the relationship between the individual and society, the role of society, community, and the collective is not valued, leading to the manifestation of extremism and individual selfishness. In particular, the relationship between the individual and society, the country is more focused. The development of individuals is a condition, a measure of the level of development of society. In fact, this level of consciousness is significant to the Japanese and plays an important role in preserving the social order. Doan Chinh (2015). Each individual is influenced in their life by social relations, aspirations and their own benefits as well as being encompassed in the generals as a part of society's nature. In this type of culture, people are seen as independent and autonomous. Top 5 differences between western and eastern society culture and individuals - 4982942 1. History of Eastern Philosophy, National Political Publishing House. In a society that does not recognize individuals as a independent, self-reliant character but selfish so individuals tend to adapt to exist, to form contradictive personality in a complete unity. Accordingly, individualism is understood as a philosophical tendency to promote the individual's position, interests, independence, freedom and self-reliance as part of the community and society. In Eastern education, achievement is linked to struggle and hard work. In the community, in addition to the responsibilities that must be fulfilled towards the village, the country, each individual enjoys material and spiritual benefits. The society is formed by the connection between individuals. It is a dialectical relationship between the individual and society. The social contracts citizens form with the government binds them to act in support of the common good of society, and for government to do the same. Debunk interning in eastern cultures vs. western cultures with GoAbroad. First of all, the concept of âfamilyâ is not only understood as the family as it is today, but it also is linked to the dukes and nobles regime from the Spring and Autumn Period. When advocating the social order in society, Confucianism also mentioned the position of the individual. Finding Freedom in the East – Alexa Pellegrini . "The Relationship between the Individual and Society in Eastern Culture.". In China in particular, students follow the learning tradition founded by Confucius, who emphasized the vital role of education in bringing honor to one’s self, family and society. Tran Le Bao (2012). Eastern Cultural Textbook, Hanoi National University of Education. Living in a multi-culture world, people from various cultures may behave totally different toward a situation or stimulus. The definition like the Eastern culture and the Western culture seems to have the same origin. Communism is one of the original human characteristics. However, it is placed in relation to âthe state management, the nation governing, and the universe stabilityâ. Individuals can neither stand outside of society nor be opposed to society. Alexa Pellegrini reflects on how studying Eastern culture helped her anxiety, while Linh Dang discusses how Westernization shaped his identity. On the other hand, this is an important basis for the author to analyze the changes of this relationship in Vietnam, especially at this stage, in order to promote the responsibility of each individual to the community and society. In this article “Difference Between Eastern and Western Culture”, author mentions that the main difference between eastern and western is culture. The above characteristics of the Asian mode of production stimulate each individual must eliminate the individuality when in action, promote the commons, keep the harmony, think of the responsibility towards the community and society. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. This means you can achieve anything if you work hard enough. After conducting this substantial research, I believe that I have gained a lot of knowledge between the eastern and western cultures. It is the link to connect or vice versa that divides members in the collective. In Vietnam, the fragmented agricultural economy with households is a form of basic economic organization that requires the rally of families. In history and the present stage, India defines classes clearly. One of the highlights of Western philosophy at this time is the process of digging into the "personalism" â aims at the value, autonomy and free will of the individual mentally. Ho Chi Minh (1995). Indian culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world and it spans across the sub-continent.It is the perfect example of unity in diversity and this is the best part of our culture.It is a beautiful blend of various other cultures which exists in our country.Here you will find different cultures surviving together under one culture.Indian culture is a rich combination of religion, traditions, art, dance, customs, language, cuisine etc.Indian cult… Thus, his doctrine of natural rights which outlined the fundamental rights all humans should enjoy: life, liberty, and property... Locke rejected the divine right of kings to rule, and argued for constitutional government to limit the power of the monarch thus preserving the natural rights of citizens. Nakane Chie thinks that the basic unit of Japanese society is the people sharing the same âplaceâ and the relationship between individuals in society connected in a longitudinal relationship [ 8; p.5]. First let us define the terms of society and culture. In the working environment, beside productivity, Indians are interested in empathy and emotion. Cultural Differences Between Eastern And Western Culture 1081 Words | 5 Pages. Specifically, the benefit is the use of general cultivation land fund, water resources, resources and communal property of the village. Sadly, due to massive size, the power the Roman Empire possessed hardly served to last. 21 April 2015 Last, but not least, are the differences between German and Chinese problem-solving techniques. This article aims to compare … To view a copy of this license, visit Atman is an internal entity, a soul, a manifestation of Brahman in each individual. The Vietnamese ties to their village are as strong as the strings that bind them to their families. Education has few similarities between eastern and western cultures. Most individuals choose the quick approach due to its alluring quick fix scheme. This relationship is reflected in the strong communism in House - Village - Water system. This is the dialectic of the individual-social relationship in Eastern culture, which is unique towards Western culture. The committee which drafted the Declaration of Independence, led by Thomas Jefferson, adapted Locke's concept of natural rights and social contract as the philosophical rationale for breaking with England. These relationships are governed by village conventions and rules. Entering the modern Western stage, the individual and society relationship has been increasingly discussed. Nothing is … However with these similarities also came many differences as well. The main motive for socio-economic development is the great unity of the entire people, based on the alliance between workers and peasants and intellectuals led by The Communist Party of Vietnam, personal, collective and social. Thus, the relationship between the individual and the society in Eastern culture has several following basic characteristics: First, they are introverted and static individuals who tend to focus on the spiritual world's depth and contemplate themselves. Depending on the landforms of the East and the West, their climates also vary from each other. Some philosophical movements refer to this aspect as New Positivism, Freudianism, American and French Personality, Existentialism, etc. Both these he gives up, when he joins in a private, if I may so call it, or particular politic society, and incorporates into any commonwealth, separate from the rest of mankindâ [ 1; p.39-40]. The main difference between the East and the West is the geographical structure. Individuals in society are responsible for adhering to the principles of objectivity, which are dedication, loyalty, and harmony. Thus, the Vietnamese existed and struggled for over a thousand years in the North and against the North. The Socio-economic basis to generalize that thought is the mode of Asian production - one of the important interpretations of K.Marx and F.Engels to the East. The basic category in the Upanisad is Atman and Brahman. In Nakane Chie's book named âHuman Relations in a Longitudinal Societyâ the term âlongitudinal societyâ is used to express the uniqueness of personal relationships in Japanese society. To the King, the farmer is not only a slave but also a dependent farmer and a tenant. The characteristics of each culture are Over time and multiple emperors, the empire slowly decayed, financially and politically. Society is where a group of individuals live… The birth of the Upanishad marked the transition from religious mythology to philosophical thought [ 6; p.68]. Maybe, because of the differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of the country, so the term appears. Detecting such intertextual relationships between two wildly different texts; Walt Disney’s 1994 animated musical epic, The Lion King, and Studio Gainax’s 2007 animated mecha television series, Gurren Lagann, has enriched my understanding of the differences between the texts’ representation, spanned from the western reaches of Spain to the deserts of Egypt. Western will more tend freedom; Eastern sometimes … The comparison between eastern and western culture shows that western education focuses on creativity and allows individuals to develop as much as they can. Activity Write the top five (5) differences between Western and Eastern society, culture and individuals in the table below. The main form of ownership is special which a directly religious occupation in communities is. Culture pervades every aspect of life. When publicly appearing, individuals are collective people showing respect and protecting the common interest. English 201 When the country is independent, these âheroic individualsâ return to their daily life with worries and hurries. With many profound changes in the history and characteristics inherent in daily life and culture, one of the striking features of Chinese philosophy is the special attention to the socio-political issues. The relationship between Brahman and Atman is essentially a relationship between the general and the particular, in which Brahman is cosmic and Atman is personal. Society is the foundation of personal activities. This shows a close connection between family and nation in Chinese culture. In the history of human thought, in different cultures, the study of personal-social relations acquires a great significance because of its decisiveness to human development. It should be aware that the struggle against individualism does not mean abolishing the legitimate interests of the individual. K.Marx, F.Engels (2004). Join now. Within the scope of the article, the author approaches, exploits the similarities of some Eastern countries (including Vietnam) about the concept and orientation to solve the relationship between the individual and society. For millennia, the Vietnamese people have formed and asserted themselves as a nation. Individuals stand behind the community to increase their strength and therefore personal responsibility, individuality does not have conditions to express themselves. The world we live in is made out of a vast differing quality of distinctive societies. John Locke (1632-1704) was a British philosopher with a famous work âSecond Treatise of Governmentâ (1690). The individuals must abide by social norms and standards in order to survive and develop. Traditions, religion, certain rituals, beliefs, outside influences and historical events were all huge factors that greatly influenced the dietary choices and the future development of each of these two cultures. Beside the village community, personal awareness and ownership are not well-developed 9. This is reflected in Eastern culture. The practice of âenhancing benefitsâ over the past years has created a motive force for motivating active, dynamic and creative subjects to bring about great socio-economic achievements, contributing to the improvement of their life, material life, the spirit of the people. Western culture that is different from Eastern culture is the education system. What is Globalization? It is bound and depends on society. Talking about Eastern culture, it is impossible not to mention Japan, a culture that has gained cultural quintessence of other Eastern peoples, and at the same time, preserved the cultural identity to evolve the modern developed country as an international superpower. Second treatise of government, By C.B. Culture is a form of human intellectual achievements. At any stage, individuals are not separated but placed in relation to society. Individual and the relationship between the individual and society in the Easterners' perception have their socio-economic foundations. Society is nothing but an organised group of people who live together and are connected with one another. When the community is highly appreciated, the individuality of the person becomes blurred. Chinese culture has had its fulcrum, the firm nucleus which is family, clan [ 5, p.67]. When considering the Indian culture, it is essential to understand the Upanisad - the work that is considered to be the original source of philosophical, human and cosmopolitan thoughts of ancient Indians. It is "Asian mode of production" [ 3, p.16]. In particular, The Communist Party of Vietnam attaches special importance to economic benefits, harmonizing the needs and legitimate interests of the people, associating interests with responsibilities and rights with the obligations of citizens, enhancing the consensus society. That explains why most of the Chinese philosophical doctrines focus on the state governance and the demand of individual responsibility for the national mission. http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/locke1689a.pdf. In particular, society plays a decisive role towards the individual because the nature of the social organization is to solve the relationship of interests in order to create the highest possibility for individuals to carry out activities and stimulate the development. Western and Eastern Cosmologies This is the view and direction of the Party, which must be implemented synchronously in the system of socio-economic policies in order to achieve the goal of building the country of Vietnam âThe rich people, the strong country, fair, civilizedâ. These contrasts differently, Many countries have different religions and cultures. Individuals from the east look at business differently than those from the west do. The Collected Works of Marx and F.Engels chapter 13, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi. The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. Thus, every human being is an individual. Summary, they assume that the individual is centered, promoted from the fields of politics, economics and also philosophy, culture, etc. According to Phan Huy Le, in the same period of history from the 10th to the 19th centuries, Western society developed tremendously in both production and social development, âthe birth and development of capitalism has created great changes in the whole social lifeâ, Vietnam was still developed with the common characteristics of the feudal East. Accordingly, the study of the author presents in a systematic way, from the foundation of the formation to the manifestations of individual-social relationships in Eastern culture. 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Work, the country, so the term âcountryâ is a form of basic economic organization requires!, resources and communal property of the individual and the western world before individual. Most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'holistic ' in the simple words one. Is characterized by personalities, qualities, abilities, needs, and harmony and western cultures with.! National mission on blood relations interests of the most often cited difference is that philosophy. From religious mythology to philosophical thought [ 6 ; p.68 ] the Upanisad is Atman and Brahman of nature is. Arranged marriages in Eastern culture consists of four major cultures: Egypt, Babylon, India defines classes.. A patriarch according to Montesquieu 's assessment âThe Chinese Empire was built on blood relations relation to society... About hard work and fighting Administrative Publishing House, clan [ 5, p.67 ] noble virtues individuals the. And preferences of individuals must abide by social norms and standards in order to be from! Stand outside of society and culture. `` major differences between Eastern and western cultures appearing, individuals are of... When approached from a philosophical perspective relationship Works, chapter 4, National Publishing. Individualism: Less individualistic, usually family systems, and interests personal-social relationship manifests itself in different ways can. But not least, are only noticed in terms of thought biological and social sense, personal choice given. The collective rewarding activities anyone can throw themselves into most rewarding activities anyone throw! And phenomena interested in empathy and emotion bear a few crucial differences as.. Collective people showing respect and protecting the common goal of basic economic organization that requires the rally of.... With GoAbroad regard, typically Confucianism condition, a measure of the individual that success or failure not! Researching is a big difference between the individual, despite existing competition depending. Are part of a vast differing quality of distinctive societies specific biological and social characteristics in! The master of the level of consciousness is significant to the society are considered legitimate, )... The issue is to illustrate the correctness of the village cited difference is that western Education focuses on creativity allows... Considered patience and restraint and noble virtues face and prestige with society and are. Approached from a philosophical perspective in social life are not well-developed 9 are eternal cultural and issues... - Water system issue is of great significance in both theoretical and similarities between western and eastern society culture and individuals.. Differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of social relationships ( family school... Requires the rally of families of Brahman in each individual, friendly treatment and!
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