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eastern vs western communication

Maybe, because of the differences, religion, cultural equations in some parts of the country, so the term appears. Collectivists or eastern people may want to avoid conflict as much as possible to maintain their image. ( Log Out /  Major Differences between Chinese and Western Culture are not just about ways of thinking and communication. As a manager, it is essential to listen to your employees, especially in a multi-national and multi-cultural team. SlideShare Explore Search You. Cultural and religious rather than geographical in division, the boundaries of East and West are not fixed, but vary according to the criteria adopted by individuals using the term.. So while Singaporeans are comfortable with outbursts of frustration in the office, this behaviour would be unacceptable in Japan. For those interested in working in China, here are eight cultural contrasts between Eastern and Western cultures to better prepare your cross-cultural transition. Culture pervades every aspect of life. All the mentioned communication differences can cause misunderstanding, enhance a conflict or even cause a conflict. Western ventures as well as expat foreign workers that start working in the Middle East face many challenges due to the differences in their communication style. Consumerism in the Context of Eastern vs Western Thought. ( Log Out /  In Japanese companies for example, younger employees are expected to support the people in higher positions and never give their opinion directly to the manager. Meanwhile, Eastern culture is emphasized on religion and social norm. They said it “made it possible to get beyond employee’s general hesitancy to express opposing opinion and thereby gather more accurate information.”. East versus West. Lacking this strategic orientation will imperil business ventures and risk losing time and money. How Eastern and Western Cultures Tackle Learning describes the experience of Asian students compared with their U.S. counterparts as observed by psychologists specialized in learning. In sociology, the East–West dichotomy is the perceived difference between the Eastern and the Western worlds. In high context cultures people use a lot of indirect and nonverbal communication and are mostly collectivistic. First of all, Eastern and Western people have different attitudes toward their life. Western vs Eastern Way of Thinking Be aware that the comparison of thinking between China and western countries is only talking in generalities, thinking patterns vary from person to person, we are not saying that each Chinese or western people think the same way as what we’re going to talk about. This is visible in Eastern, collectivist, high context cultures where modesty and relations are highly valued. Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. Eastern and Western Perspective Different cultures and varying environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern vs. Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. Different motives: Consumerism means that e.g. Main Difference – Eastern vs Western Culture. Personality can affect the way you relate, and in extension communicate, with the people around you. Western Europe and Eastern Europe are two such regions. , emotional reactions were found to be least acceptable in Japan, Indonesia, the U.K., Norway, and the Netherlands – and most accepted in Italy, France, the U.S., and Singapore. published in 2013, cultural origins correlate with patterns of leadership behaviours. The reality is that how you communicate depends on where you live, what culture you’re from and how you communicate in general. The results showed that Americans, but not East Asians, were less attentive to indirect cues in work than nonwork settings and that East–West differences in indirectness were greater in work than nonwork settings. The artist, Yang Liu, depicts the complexity of cross-cultural communication in her work “East Meets West”, analyzing the stark contrasts between Chinese and German customs. Western religions are the religions that originate in the Western areas like Americas and throughout Europe. As a result of the Schism, differences increased between the two. Have you ever wondered about the differences between Eastern and Western philosophies? Apart from geographical locations, these two parts of the world have differences in their way of life and the approach to life in general. These differences between eastern and western cultures demonstrate a very real truth: people who grew up in different cultures communicate in very different ways. Not recognising the difference in styles could be cumbersome in building relationships, agreements, and even providing feedback. Generally, Chinese motives are society-driven, and Western motives are individual-driven. Eastern cultures tend to have a very hierarchical structure, where western cultures are more egalitarian. Bibliography Alkhazraji, K. M., Gardner III, W. L.(1997) The acculturation of immigrants to U.S. organizations. Western managers often try to convince staff that “everyone’s opinion counts,” “we’re all in the same boat” and similar ideas related to the flattening of class structure. Graphic artist Yang Liu has a sharp eye for cultural comparison, honed by personal experience. In order to avoid some misunderstanding during your trip in China, it’s necessary to know some cultural differences between China and western countries. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. There is much more to learn about the association between culture and workplace communication. Direct communication styles make the author’s intentions obvious—they say exactly what they mean—and generally use a tone of voice that is forthright. Therefore, in traditional Tajik society there is no place for such values of Western culture as individualism and priority of personal interest is not traditional in Tajik society. In western, low context cultures they do not use nonverbal communication as often as they do in high context cultures. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. Eastern employees also prefer to keep their opinion to themselves rather than losing their face. As a graduate student, psychologist Jim Stigler went to East Asia to research teaching methods and learn more about the differences between Eastern and Western learning styles.  The Eastern Church vs. the Western Church In the year 1054, due to political, cultural and religious reasons, the Great Schism divided Christianity into the Eastern Church (the Orthodox Church) and the Western Church (the Catholic Church). As a result of the Schism, differences increased between the two. While everyone has different personalities, studies have shown that the country you live in may increase the likelihood of you developing a particular personality type. For example, Brazilians, French-Swiss, and the Maltese are the most extroverted while Nigerians, Moroccans, and Indonesians ranked as the most introverted. When a conflict does arise they preserve their image by involving a third party to mediate between them and the other person(s) so the damage to the harmony between people is minimized. With Direct communication is meant that a person speaks out his intention with words, he will say exactly what he means. Freelancers who are new to working with Western clients must make a note of this. An Asian manager wants the employee to be loyal to the company and to him, without showing own initiative, while a western employee would want to be able to show his skills and to pursue personal fulfilment. Cross-cultural communication: East vs. West - Author: Yaolung James Hsieh. Of course one can't generalize everyone into these 'categories 'but the drawings do capture the essence of cultural differences between the western and Asian cultures , in a snippy entertaining way. Edward T.Hal said in the book that Westerners areof typical lineal time concept, while the Easterners are of cyclic one.  The Eastern Church vs. the Western Church In the year 1054, due to political, cultural and religious reasons, the Great Schism divided Christianity into the Eastern Church (the Orthodox Church) and the Western Church (the Catholic Church). Major Difference Between Western & Eastern Thought on Education. Culture in the Workplace: Eastern vs. Western Nov 07 • Nguyen Trung Loi • 2 min read There are many differences when it comes to culture in the workplace , not to mention working remotely . In her working paper published in 2013, cultural origins correlate with patterns of leadership behaviours. Difference between chinese and western ***, Eastern and Western comparison on ways of viewing things, Difference Between Chinese and Western Culture, Communication Differences Between Eastern and Western, General culture comparison 2 : Chinese features, General culture comparison 1 : Western features. Eastern people live in time, which means that they follow the natural order of time to do what they ought to do and work step by step. But as the development, there are boundaries that restrict western and eastern cultures. J.T. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Different motives: Consumerism means that e.g. Western culture is recognized by any part of the world as a culture in Western Europe rather than America, not Australia, and not Eastern or Southern Europe. The artist, Yang Liu, depicts the complexity of cross-cultural communication in her work “East Meets West”, analyzing the stark contrasts between Chinese and German customs. East and west have a different perception of power and power distance. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. The study suggests that the difference in rankings could be related to the different preferences of traits found among leadership in each country. Eastern vs. Western Culture Mendy Wang(王曼迪) s we know, the differences between Eastern and Western cultures are numerous, because Eastern and Western people not only live in different environments but also are educated in distinctively different ways. A. Lineal time concept In the westerners traditional ideas, time was compared to a line, a running river, time is straight. Therefore it is crucial in intercultural communication to have knowledge about different ways of communication so that it will be easier to understand and interpret what other people mean when they communicate. Assalamualaikum wr.wb, my name is Muhammad Arif Herlambang, this is my assignment of Intercultural Communication course. The book of illustrations highlights bewildering differences between eastern and western experiences. Find out more about how you can adapt Pigeonhole Live to your needs here. Power distance and face saving. East and west have a different perception of power and power distance. As an intercultural communicator you should be able to apply this knowledge to enhance relationships across different cultures and different communicators. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. ISBN: 978-0 … The paper revealed that there is a pattern of similar personality types in cultural groups. In these cultures people also avoid saying ‘no’ to preserve the relationship, instead of saying that something is impossible they will soften their message by using the word ‘difficult’. The most widely used model for personality - the Big Five - is explored in an extensive. As T. Novinger says “In China and Japan, for example, facial expression that would be recognized around the world as conveying happiness may actually express anger or mask sadness, both of which are unacceptable to show overtly”. As a result of the Schism, differences increased between the two. According to renowned anthropologistEdward Hall, you can differentiateintercultural communicationby defining each culture by the value they place on indirect or direct communication. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(1843972, '65bb9cd7-3459-4feb-a7f3-e3b1907dc0f6', {}); The latest updates, tips, and best practices sent to your inbox once a month. In 1990, at the age of 13, she moved from Beijing, to Berlin. , with the people around you. There has been done many research on the topic how to deal with these communication differences. The characteristics of each culture are The difference in Power distance and protecting your image is clearly visible between eastern and western cultures. Every culture has its own importance. . In interviews with western managers in Asia it becomes clear that just having knowledge is not always enough to work together effectively. In PigeonLab, we’re dedicated to building a product that is flexible enough to fit into any work culture in any country. When there are different ways of communication, miscommunication and conflict is not uncommon. You may come off as careless or impolite if you are not on time to Skype meetings or project deadlines. , it is imperative to understand how different cultures communicate in the workplace and how to adapt to those differences in day-to-day events. In PigeonLab, we’re dedicated to building a product that is flexible enough to fit into any work culture in any country. On is neither inferior nor superior to the second one. Many ways of nonverbal communication are the same across the world like sadness, surprise, fear or anger, but that is not the problem in communication. Eastern Communication’s Managed Security Operations Center provides round-the-clock security monitoring and access to a shared team of security experts including fully trained security analysts, SOC Managers, SIEM content authors, and engineers. These differences can be noted for the most part in people’s behavior and attitudes. This is an insightful understanding of Eastern Culture Vs. Western Culture... in an interesting pictorial representation. Personality can affect the way you relate, and in extension. Surprisingly, the rules around displays of emotion aren’t segregated to Eastern and Western cultures. In multinational companies this is very visible, especially when the employer and the manager are not from the same culture. Most of the research on interpersonal attraction has been carried out in Western societies, especially the United Kingdom and United States. Western and Eastern Educational Philosophies . Instead, to overcome the limitations of Western communication perspectives, we need to utilize collective wisdom to come up with East-West integrated studies. So what does this mean in communication styles in those regions? "everyone must have a car to feel good". Why? Logically, the western employee would have to change since the company is Asian-led, but if the Asian manager wants to be an effective leader he must learn how to lead western employees. Surprisingly, the rules around displays of emotion aren’t segregated to Eastern and Western cultures. Low-context cultures value direct communication with the message spelled out loud as clearly as possible, while high context cultures rely more on indirect communication, also taking into account background information and subtext. With global strategies taking precedence in the. A useful perspective to answer this questions is to consider two divergent type of cultures that are dominant in western and eastern firms, namely Mechanistic and Organic Structure. Change ). There is a great difference between the cultures of Europe and Asia. Eastern and Western Perspective Different cultures and varying environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern vs. Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. The West values sports, outdoor experiences, and group cooperation firstly, Western culture... in interesting... Way of maintaining face means preserving your image is clearly visible between Eastern and Western cultures, including African some... Is affected by culture - Author: Yaolung James Hsieh moved from Beijing, to Berlin just about of... 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